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Title: Current perspectives on chitinolytic enzymesand their agro-industrial applications
Authors: Poria, Vikram
Rana, Anuj
Kumai, Arti
Grewal, Jasneet
Pranaw, Kumar
Singh, Surender
Keywords: chitinolytic enzymes; microbial chitinases; chitooligosaccharides; fermentation; biocontrol
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Biology
Abstract: Chitinases are a large and diversified category of enzymes that break down chitin, the world’s second most prevalent polymer after cellulose. GH18 is the most studied family of chitinases, even though chitinolytic enzymes come from a variety of glycosyl hydrolase (GH) families. Most of the distinct GH families, as well as the unique structural and catalytic features of various chitinolytic enzymes, have been thoroughly explored to demonstrate their use in the development of tailor-made chitinases by protein engineering. Although chitin-degrading enzymes may be found in plants and other organisms, such as arthropods, mollusks, protozoans, and nematodes, microbial chitinases are a promising and sustainable option for industrial production. Despite this, the inducible nature, low titer, high production expenses, and susceptibility to severe environments are barriers to upscaling microbial chitinase production. The goal of this study is to address all of the elements that influence microbial fermentation for chitinase production, as well as the purifying procedures for attaining high-quality yield and purity.
Appears in Collections:School of Interdisciplinary & Applied Sciences

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